Neural Information Processing

Author: Sabri Arik
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319265350
Size: 56.40 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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English Chinese Training tokens 326 M 346 M Vocabulary size 136 K 205 K age
number of the translations for a English word is more than 4. Train set Dev set
Test set Entries 64692 2062 10576 Words 14413 500 2500 Avg 4.48 4.12 4.23
consider the words occurred at least 10 times, and set a context windows of 3
words to either side of the center. Other hyper-parameters ... We filter this
dictionary with the vocabulary of monolingual corpora for English and Chinese.
From the filtered ...

Learning Foreign Languages In Primary School

Author: Dr. María del Pilar García Mayo
Publisher: Multilingual Matters
ISBN: 1783098120
Size: 75.86 MB
Format: PDF
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In order to check the reliability of the test takers' 'Yes' responses to the real words
(Meara, 1992), a total of 20 pseudo words that sound or look like English words
were also added to the test. ... A paradigmatic associate is a synonym, antonym,
hypernym or hyponym for the test word; a syntagmatic relation rests on its
strength of association (i.e. collocational features), that is, two words normally
occur together; and an analytical associate involves the test word's dictionary

Statistical Learning And Language Acquisition

Author: Patrick Rebuschat
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 1934078247
Size: 31.30 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Prosodies are often positive or negative; that is, the target word is frequently used
with either positive or else negative surrounding words. For example, the word ''
cause'' may seem to have the simple meaning ''to bring about'', but because the
word is largely used in contexts in which a negative event has been brought
about (a tendency that the Oxford English Dictionary does not mention) the word
has a negative semantic prosody. Chinese participants learning English were ...

To Define And Inform

Author: Saihong Li Rasmussen
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
ISBN: 1443822507
Size: 62.94 MB
Format: PDF
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However, paraphrase or descriptive 'equivalents', with more 'pragmatic'
information concerning the background or the origin of the word, is strongly
recommended, especially for words with no direct equivalent in the target
language (see more in the discussion of ... A dictionary is used more often in the
translation test for two very different languages, such as English and Chinese; the
users consult a dictionary less when working with two related languages, such as
English and Danish.

Harsh Words

Author: Monica Hill
Publisher: Hong Kong University Press
ISBN: 9789622097179
Size: 75.16 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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English Words for Chinese Learners Monica Hill. Types Of Tests We need to
think carefully about the tests themselves, or how we measure whether a person
knows the word by: knowing its written form having a rough idea of its meaning
knowing its dictionary definition or being confident of its usage. Many forms of
assessment can be used in vocabulary learning from simple quizzes and games,
such as word searches, to multiple-choice tasks, matching exercises and gap fill

Scripts And Literacy

Author: I. Taylor
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401111626
Size: 22.95 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Six children (three boys and three girls) were randomly chosen from each
classroom for an individually administered test of word decoding. Textbook
Analyses, Test Construction and Administration The construction of culturally fair
and appropriate tests is a common problem in comparative research.
Translations, even if done assiduously, ... The definition of a “word” is
straightforward in English, but more difficult in Chinese and Japanese. In
Chinese, one character could be a word if it ...

Pedagogical Lexicography Today

Author: Fredric Thomas Dolezal
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110947013
Size: 60.10 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Li states the “great need” for a learners' dictionary of Chinese, illustrating the
usefulness of appropriate example sentences to discriminate sub-senses and the
use of contrasting word pairs that cause problems for the learners. He criticizes
existing Chinese-English dictionaries for merely listing glosses in an unhelpful
way, and calls for the addition of understandable grammar codes to the entries.
Lindstrom, Naomi (1980): Making the bilingual dictionary safer for students.
Hispania ...

A Frequency Dictionary Of Mandarin Chinese

Author: Richard Xiao
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134049889
Size: 67.95 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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10 Introd uction Atypical entry looks like the followingï Frequency rank Headword
in Simplified Chinese [Headword in Traditional Chinese] {Pinyini (Optional HSK
Level) Part of speech English gloss Illustrative example in Simplified Chinese
and English translation of the example Normalised frequency | Dispersion index |
Usage rate | Optional register code Here we show a concrete example of an entry
: 026s QSE [xiìíä] лапши (1) adv afterwards, then iaeauëztf-aeeiïi ~ awardees? ß

Regel Und Abweichung Strategie Und Strategeme

Author: Achim Hecker
Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster
ISBN: 3825813207
Size: 61.78 MB
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As mentioned, the 36 Stratagems are a collection of ancient Chinese schemes,
plans, ploys and tactics that were used in times of conflicts and war. The name, 1
The Chinese word, ji () has given too much debate on what should be the most
appropriate English translation for it. Being a classical Chinese word (
wenyanwen ), it can take on various meanings; depending on what other
Chinese word appears before or after it. For example, it can mean plan or
planning (jihua ), schemes or ...

Second Language Writing Systems

Author: Vivian Cook
Publisher: Multilingual Matters
ISBN: 9781853597930
Size: 68.99 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The nine sentences were taken from a previous study (Hoosain, 1992) and
consisted of seven hanzi (with six valid word boundaries) each. Materials were
judged by a native Chinese language teacher as appropriate for the target L2
learners. The hanzi in the text were highly frequent: 99% belonged to the '
frequent' category in a hanzi frequency dictionary (Shanghai Jiaotong Daxue,
1988). In the final questionnaire, 95% of the English respondents reported that
the Chinese materials ...